Temperate Forests Absorbing More Carbon As Growing Season Expands

Global Warming Modifying Growth Rates Of Forests

There aren’t many upsides to climate change, but global warming is stretching the growing season for trees in temperate zones, which increases their capacity to uptake carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. That added growth can help slow global warming. If only we had more trees and forests to work for us.

 

Scientists have known for many years that rising temperatures are lengthening the growing season in many northern and mid-latitude forests. New research indicates that in the eastern United States, increased carbon uptake has outpaced a simultaneous increase in carbon dioxide “exhaled” into the atmosphere through respiration. Overall, it seems that eastern forests are acting as increasing “sinks” for carbon dioxide.

reforestation and forest conservation

One reason for the increased carbon uptake is that trees up and down the eastern half of the country are leafing out earlier in the spring. The map shows a trend toward earlier spring green-up over twelve years (2001-2012), based on both satellite vegetation data and ground observations from long-term research sites in forests across the Northeast. Shades of green indicate locations where the onset of spring is occurring earlier. White indicates very little change, while pink shows locations where the onset of spring is occurring later in the year. On average, spring is arriving about 10 days earlier than it used to only two decades ago.

The shift toward earlier spring leaf out is due to warming in the U.S. East, and has been mirrored by a delay in when trees drop their leaves in autumn. In a recent study published in Nature Climate Change, researchers found that enhanced “greening activity” during this extended growing season increased the amount of carbon that forests removed from the atmosphere through photosynthesis—the process by which plants convert carbon dioxide in the air into sugar molecules to use for food and to grow.

But just like animals do, plants and soil organisms burn sugars for energy and “exhale” carbon dioxide as a byproduct, a process known as respiration; warming also increases ecosystem respiration. While respiration increased in eastern forests during the extended growing season, the forests absorbed more carbon dioxide than they released, leading to a total net increase in carbon storage.

deforestation and global warming

It’s not a given that the increased carbon uptake would dominate increased respiration. In northern (boreal) forests, which are primarily dominated by evergreen species, previous research found an overall decrease in carbon uptake despite an extended growing season. That’s a sign that that these two ecosystems have responded very differently to a warming climate, although additional research is needed to know exactly why.

Increased carbon uptake in forests may help reduce the growth rate of atmospheric carbon dioxide and slow future warming. But at the same time, climate change is increasing the vulnerability of many U.S. forests to fire, insect infestations, drought, and disease outbreaks. These disturbances raise the potential for large releases of carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. Despite recent increases in forest growth due to elevated carbon dioxide and temperature changes, it remains unclear how future net forest carbon storage in the United States will respond to accelerating mortality and trends in land use and forest management.

Source: http://www.climate.gov/news-features/featured-images/response-warming-eastern-forests-inhaling-more-carbon-dioxide-theyre

climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information gary@crossbow1.com

Urban Forestry Grants Awarded In Maine

State Invests In Urban Canopy

Project Canopy, the Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry’s community forestry program, has awarded $106,243.00 in grants to local governments and municipalities, educational institutions and non-profit organizations that support community efforts to develop and maintain long-term community forestry programs.

“Project Canopy increases community awareness of the benefits of our forests and trees and  promotes community forest management practices,” Gov. Paul R. LePage said. “It also supports Maine jobs by benefiting local landscapers, nurseries, foresters and loggers.”

reforestation and forest conservation

Commissioner Walt Whitcomb highlighted that Project Canopy grants support important segments of the Maine economy. “In addition to the impact on the forest industry, these grants support Maine’s horticulture industry. That industry supports 7,826 jobs with a total annual economic impact of $286 million,” Whitcomb said. “Project Canopy supports and enhances economic growth and jobs in that growing segment of Maine’s economy as well.”

The cooperative partnership between the Department’s Bureau of Forestry and GrowSmart Maine awarded 6 Planning and Education grants and 11 Tree planting and Maintenance Grants.

Planting grants were awarded to:

  • Alna Volunteer Fire Department – $4,478
  • Town of Camden – $8,000
  • Town of Cape Elizabeth – $7,299
  • Town of Houlton – $8,000
  • Life Enrichment Advancing People (Farmington) – $2,500
  • The Longfellow School (Portland) – 4,430
  • Pleasant Hill Cemetery Association, Inc. (Freedom) – $2,822
  • Town of Rockport – $4,185
  • Town of Topsham – $8,000
  • Town of Veazie – $4,000
  • Town of Yarmouth – $7,995

Planning Grants were awarded to:

  • Androscoggin Land Trust (Canton and Jay) – $10,000
  • Lake Auburn Watershed Neighborhood Association (Auburn) – $7,230
  • City of Lewiston – $10,000
  • Town of Old Orchard Beach – $7,954
  • Vinalhaven Land Trust (Vinalhaven) – $6,850
  • Town of Wilton  – $2,500

The 2013 Project Canopy grants were selected from a total of 27 applications, with grant requests totaling $185,510.

reforestation and carbon capture

Project Canopy Assistance Grants are available to state, county, and municipal governments, educational institutions, and nonprofit organizations for developing and implementing community forestry projects and programs. Planting projects increase the health and livability of communities through sound tree planting and maintenance, while planning and education projects support sustainable community forestry management, and efforts to increase awareness of the benefits of trees and forests. All grants require a 50% match from the grant recipient.

Project canopy is funded by the USDA Forest Service Community Forestry Assistance Program. The USDA Forest Service Urban and Community Forestry Program was established to promote natural resource management in populated areas and improve quality of life.

Source: http://www.wiscassetnewspaper.com/article/community-forestry-grants-awarded/27707

climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information gary@crossbow1.com

Sustainable Forestry Grants Available

Community Forestry Projects

As part of its ongoing efforts toward continuous improvement in sustainable forestry, the Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) opened its 2014 Request for Proposals (RFP) for the Conservation and Community Partnerships Grant Program.

SFI will invest in conservation research projects and collaborative partnerships that explain or inform the role of sustainable forest management in Carbon capture and Bioenergy; Forest Health; Water; Capacity Building; and Wildlife, Fish and Biodiversity.

Ecuador reforestation world record

The SFI Conservation and Community Partnerships Grant program fosters research and pilot efforts to better inform future decisions about our forests,” said Kathy Abusow, President & CEO of SFI Inc.

SFI announced it will deliver up to $300,000 for forest conservation research projects, bringing total 2014 investments to over $400,000 with previously awarded multi-year research grants. Since 2010, SFI has awarded 40 grants for a total of over $1.65 million that promote sustainable forestry practices and engage communities. Together with project partner contributions, these projects represent leveraged investments of over $5 million.

reforestation and carbon capture

In addition to the conservation research grants, SFI will award five to seven community grants in amounts up to $5,000 each to support youth education in forestry; green building; and advancing management and awareness of culturally important land. The complete 2014 RFP and the latest information about the SFI Conservation and Community Partnerships Grant program are posted at www.sfiprogram.org/community-conservation/conservation-community-partnerships-grant-program. The deadline for applications is Friday, Feb. 21 at 5 p.m. ET.

Source: http://www.campbellrivermirror.com/community/239496021.html

climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information gary@crossbow1.com

Community Forest Grants Available In Nevada

Private Landowners, Tribes Can help With Forest Conservation

The Nevada Division of Forestry is accepting applications for grants up to $400,000 to purchase private forest land. Local governments, qualified nonprofit organizations and Indian tribes are eligible to apply for grants to establish community forests through the acquisition of private forest land from a willing seller.

reforestation and forest conservation

The purpose of the program is to establish community forests by protecting forest land from conversion to non-forest uses and provide community benefits such as sustainable forest management, clean air, water, and wildlife habitat, forest-based educational programs and recreational benefits to the public.

Eligible lands under this program are private forests that are at least five acres in size, suitable to sustain natural vegetation and at least 75 percent forested. The lands must also be threatened by conversion to non-forest uses, not be held in trust by the United States on behalf of any Indian tribe or allotment lands, provide community benefits defined by the Community Forest Program and allow public access.

reforestation and forest conservation

Applications are due to the Nevada Division of Forestry by Jan. 15. For more information, call 775-684-2500.

Source: http://www.tahoedailytribune.com/southshore/sannouncements/9547299-113/forest-community-program-benefits

climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information gary@crossbow1.com

Urban Forestry Can Mitigate Climate Change

Urban Canopy Makes Cities More Efficient, Resilient

Urban forests will play an even more important role as we seek solutions to maximize the quality of life in our cities, while reducing energy consumption and maximizing the uptake of carbon dioxide and other harmful pollutants.

Sacred Seedlings is a reforestation (including urban areas) and carbon offset program operated in cooperation with indigenous groups around the globe. Those who have always lived closest to the earth, and respected it the most, are putting their wisdom to work to help save the planet and their cultures for future generations.

reforestation and forest conservation

We are coordinating a global forest conservation and reforestation program that will help offset carbon build-up in the atmosphere and mitigate the effects of climate change. The program will generate numerous benefits:

  • Offset carbon in the atmosphere, reduce energy consumption and air pollution.
  • Reforest tribal lands, public lands, inner cities, and private property around the globe.
  • Preserve wildlife habitat and green spaces for communities.
  • Generate jobs for indigenous people around the globe.    

Source: http://greenercities.org/urban-forestry-and-climate-change/

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems. Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support.

reforestation and climate change solution

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems. Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information gary@crossbow1.com