Shell Unveils Proposal To Tackle Climate Change

Plans To Meet Goals Of Paris Climate Agreement

By Christopher Mooney and Steven Mufson, Washington Post

Royal Dutch Shell just outlined a scenario in which, by 2070, we would be using far less of the company’s own product — oil — as cars become electric, a massive carbon storage industry develops, and transportation begins a shift toward a reliance on hydrogen as an energy carrier.

The company’s Sky scenario was designed to imagine a world that complies with the goals of the Paris climate agreement, managing to hold the planet’s warming to “well below” a rise of 2 degrees Celsius, or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, above pre-industrial levels. Shell has said that it supports the Paris agreement.

The scenario, which finds the world in a net-zero emissions state by 2070, is based on the idea that “a simple extension of current efforts, whether efficiency mandates, modest carbon taxes, or renewable energy supports, is insufficient for the scale of change required,” the oil company document reads.

“The relevant transformations in the energy and natural systems require concurrent climate policy action and the deployment of disruptive new technologies at mass scale within government policy environments that strongly incentivize investment and innovation.”

The company also cautioned that Sky is only a scenario — a possible future dependent on many assumptions — not a reality that will definitely be realized.

reforestation and carbon capture

Shell is one of the globe’s largest publicly traded oil companies and produced 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent per day last year. But the company’s own recent investments reflect a slight change in focus or, at least, a hedging of its bets. In October, it purchased NewMotion, an electric-vehicle charging company. Shell now operates a small number of stations providing hydrogen fuel to vehicles in the United States and Europe, and is involved in pursuing carbon capture and storage technologies through its Quest project in the Canadian oil sands and the enormous Gorgon project in Australia.

The company has also acquired BG Group, a major natural gas company, as part of placing greater emphasis on producing natural gas, which releases fewer greenhouse gases during combustion than oil or coal. The company is being pressured by some shareholders to do more on climate change, though some investors support the current state of the company.

“Anytime we see a forecast looking out many decades, it can be an interesting talking point but does not seriously influence investor decisions,” said Pavel Molchanov, energy analyst at the investment firm Raymond James, said in an email. “Even for long-term-oriented investors, that is simply too distant a time frame.”

Royal Dutch Shell chief executive Ben van Beurden in past interviews with The Washington Post has acknowledged that “climate change is real” and that “action is needed” but has asserted that the world will need to keep burning fossil fuels even if renewable energy catapults forward.

“It doesn’t mean we have to kiss hydrocarbons goodbye. In fact, we can’t,” he said.

In November, the company said it would cut the carbon footprint of making (not burning) its own petroleum products by 20 percent by 2035 and by about half by 2050. Shareholder groups, however, have noted that if Shell increases its overall fossil fuel production, then it will undercut some of those gains. Last year, shareholders overwhelmingly rejected a proposal by an environmental group calling for Shell to set and publish annual targets to reduce carbon emissions.

In the Sky scenario, the world’s consumption of oil would rise through 2025 before starting to decline. Global oil consumption would begin to drop in 2030 and fall below current levels in 2040.

“Liquid hydrocarbon fuel consumption almost halves between 2020 and 2050 and falls by 90 percent by 2070 in the sector,” the document says.

“It is striking that a company built on energy flow commodities sees them declining permanently after 2040,” said Peter Fox-Penner, director of the Institute for Sustainable Energy at Boston University, in an emailed comment on the scenario.

Other changes are just as massive. Nuclear power would triple, the total use of electricity would expand fivefold, and the world would be equipped with 10,000 carbon capture and storage (CCS) installations.

deforestation and global warming

“The reliance on CCS stands out in Sky, and what surprised me was the rapid decline in natural gas after 2040,” said Morgan Bazilian, a professor at the Colorado School of Mines who studies energy and fossil fuels. “Those are interesting contours, given Shell’s move toward natural gas in the recent past.”

Bazilian praised Shell’s future energy scenarios in general, noting, “In my mind,  Shell has always been a leader in this space, and that is again the case with Sky.”

Molchanov said in an email: “Most of the trends that Shell is describing — with the notable exception of carbon capture — are already commercially viable. Some are in widespread use, while others (e.g., hydrogen in transportation) are in early stages of adoption. But still, extrapolating from current trends a half-century into the future is a textbook example of ‘more art than science.’”

Boston University’s Fox-Penner agreed Shell’s scenario contains the core elements necessary to decarbonize world energy, and that many of the required pieces already exist in some form. But some changes, he said, are a lot harder to accomplish than others, such as cutting emissions in the agricultural sector and from key industrial processes.

“The greatest constraint is certainly not technology, it is political and economic disruption to governments and economies who depend on the current system and who must find the funds to retire a huge capital stock early and rebuild it in place,” he said.

Read the full article about Shell and Sky.

climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, sustainable agriculture, carbon capture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems. Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information Together, we can stop deforestation and preserve biodiversity.

Rainforest Destruction Driven By Commodities

Fewer Than 10 Percent Of Major Corporations Have Policies Against Deforestation

The world’s rainforests have been decimated over the past 20 years. The destruction is accelerating again as corporations are waving false flags of sustainability.

The Global Canopy Programme’s Forest 500, the world’s first rainforest ratings agency that analyses the most influential companies, investors and governments in the race towards a deforestation-free global economy, today launched its annual results. It revealed that while the corporate sector improved marginally overall, many laggards are yet to make public sustainability commitments.

palm oil plantation deforestation

Commercial agriculture drives at least two thirds of tropical deforestation yet only 8 Percent of all the 250 powerbroker companies assessed have zero or zero net commitments in place that apply across forest risk commodities (palm oil, soya, beef, leather, paper, and timber).

The investment community has made even more limited progress, with the exception of BNP Paribas (France) who has become the first Forest 500 investor to make a commitment to zero net deforestation in their agricultural lendings.

The 2015 Forest 500, assessed and ranked 250 companies, with total annual revenues in excess of US $4.5 trillion; 150 investors and lenders; 50 countries and regions; and 50 other influential actors in this space. These 500 power brokers play a major role in supply chains for commodities fueling deforestation, which accounts for 10% of global carbon emissions, a key contributor to climate change.

Andrew Mitchell, Founder and Executive Director of the Global Canopy Programme said, “GCP’s Forest 500 holds the most influential global players to account for their role in the deforestation economy. Together, these 500 power brokers control the complex supply chains of key ‘forest risk commodities’ that are found in over 50% of packaged products in supermarkets.

deforestation and climate change

“Through these commodities, we are all part of a hidden deforestation economy – from our toothpaste, to our pensions. At this crucial time leading up to the international climate change negotiations, GCP is calling on these companies and investors to take the first critical step in addressing tropical deforestation by adopting, strengthening and implementing deforestation policies in their value chains.”

The 2015 Forest 500 Results

  • Despite 2020 being a key deadline set by the New York Declaration on Forests, one year on since its publication, few powerbrokers have made new or strengthened procurement and production commitments.
  • Whilst the corporate sector has improved marginally overall, many laggards are yet to make public sustainability commitments. Only 8% of all the 250 powerbroker companies now have zero or zero net commitments in place that apply across all forest risk commodities.
  • The corporate leader board remains unchanged, with; Groupe Danone (France), Kao Corp. (Japan), Nestlé S.A. (Switzerland), Procter & Gamble (US), Reckitt Benckiser Group (UK), and Unilever (UK) the only companies to score 5 points.
  • New York Declaration signatories lead the way towards achieving zero deforestation in agricultural supply chains scoring on average three times higher than non-signatories.
  • The investment community has made even more limited progress with less than 1% of investors adopting zero or zero net commitments that apply to all of their investments or lendings in agricultural supply chains.
  • BNP Paribas (France) has become the first Forest 500 investor to make a commitment to zero net deforestation in their agricultural lendings and joins HSBC (UK) in the top score band.
  • Of the jurisdictions assessed, none has significantly strengthened their national or state-level deforestation policies to improve their Forest 500 score.

Séverin Fischer, BNP Paribas, Head of Environment and Extra Financial Accountability, said, ‘BNP Paribas has taken the strategic decision to make a zero net deforestation commitment that will be implemented by 2020. This applies to all our lendings in agricultural commodities as it makes both commercial and environmental sense, we are managing risk over the long term. The Forest 500 is an important benchmarking tool that helps us recognise risk in our portfolios and we are delighted that our leadership position has been recognised, we hope others will follow.’

koalas deforestation

Tom Bregman, Project Manager of the Forest 500 said, ‘The Forest 500 platform now includes significant enhancements which enable users to compare progress across sectors and target their engagement with powerbrokers to incentivise change. In the coming months, the Forest 500 is going to be working with others, together we hope to create a race to the top.’

While there has been some improvement overall in the corporate sector, performance continues to be poor. Of the 31 companies that did not have any policy in year one, only four made a new public policy related to sustainable production/procurement of agricultural commodities this year. Furthermore, three companies dropped from one point to zero points due to a reduction in the amount of information that is publicly available (on their respective websites).

  • Interestingly, North American headquartered companies make up 20% of the total membership of the Forest 500 and 33% of improvers are based here highlighting the progress that companies headquartered in North America are making.
  • Driving behaviour change is central to the Forest 500 and so credit goes to the 31 companies who moved up by at least one point, with five (Astra Agro Lestari, Groupe Eram, Grupo Bimbo, Mewah International, and News Corp.) moving up by two points and also to McDonalds and Bunge for introducing zero net deforestation policies across all of their commodities this year.
  • Members of the Consumer Goods Forum, on average, score twice as many points as non-members.

sustainable palm oil deforestation

Performance of the investment community was even worse than the corporate sector.

  • Nearly a third of investors assessed had no policies in place relating to their investments and lending.
  • However, the number of investors scoring two points out of five has increased from 35 to 44, with reductions in those scoring zero or one points.
  • 18 investors improved their score by one or more points with three improving by two points (ATP, Columbia Threadneedle Investments, and Ontario Teachers Pension Plan).
  • Overall there was an increase in the number of investors making commodity-specific sourcing policies. Specifically, the number of investors making lending commitments in relation to soy and cattle companies, increased from eight to 11 and six to eight respectively.

Of the remaining powerbrokers that make up the 500, little has changed. Incremental progress has been made across forest, trading and subnational jurisdictions, with no countries releasing more comprehensive national policies focused on tackling deforestation.

Forest Conservation News via

climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, sustainable agriculture, carbon capture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems. Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information

Advertising Agency Raising Funds To Save African Wildlife

Nonprofits Can Build Their Bottom Line and A Better World

Most nonprofits and cause-related organizations are trying to do more with less. They can’t afford to be overshadowed by competitors or miss opportunities to build relationships with sponsors, donors, volunteers and other allies.

Thanks to a special offer from an American advertising and public relations firm, cause-related organizations can help raise their online profile, while fighting climate change and defending African wildlife.

wildlife conservation and deforestation

Many nonprofits are missing opportunities on the Internet because their web presence is not built for optimal visibility, attraction and conversion. Marketing firm Crossbow Communications hopes to help several worthy nonprofit clients and causes around the world overcome this strategic disadvantage. The company developed a special package for those who need a new, renewed or expanded web and social strategy to help generate larger online audiences and more stakeholder support. The marketing package includes:

  • Web hosting and email services;
  • Copy editing (copy supplied by client or extra charge for copywriting);
  • Website/blog design and development, including sharing tools and analytics;
  • Offsite and onsite optimization, including posts, promotion to social networks and search engines, back links and more;
  • Site maintenance;
  • Owner’s manual for optimal integration with your social networks; and
  • Clients must supply copy, photos, graphics and domain registration. We will build a site very similar to our own site and many others that we have built for ourselves and clients (we recommend this dynamic format because it’s friendly to search engines).

“All projects initiated before December 31 will benefit conservation projects in East Africa,” said Crossbow’s president, Gary Chandler. “It’s a great chance to build your bottom line and a better world.”

lion conservation Africa

Most online marketing packages start at $4,950 for one year. After one year, clients can handle most activities on their own with the help of our owner’s manual. If you want ongoing help, we offer monthly packages to meet your needs.

Please contact us for an assessment and a precise quote. Reach Gary Chandler or call 602-999-7204 (USA). No reasonable offers refused as long as we have time available.

PR firm climate change and forest conservation

Crossbow Communications is an advertising and public relations firm with offices in Denver, Phoenix and New York

Bunge Jumping Away From Deforestation, Illegal Palm Oil?

Smoke, Mirrors Cloud Progress On Biodiversity, Climate Change

Agribusiness and food production giant Bunge announced a commitment to source deforestation and peat-free palm oil today. The only question is will they take action before it’s too late.

The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) is impressed with Bunge’s willingness to ensure the palm oil it sources protects forests and peatlands, but adds that the fluffy commitment is missing some key elements, including a timetable to stop deforestation.

deforestation and climate change

“Today’s commitment from Bunge could have huge implications for peatlands,” said Lael Goodman, an analyst with UCS’s Tropical Forest & Climate Initiative. “Many companies overlook peatlands’ importance. Since these areas are so carbon rich, it’s essential that companies recognize palm oil should not be grown on peatlands and that management policies for existing plantations on peatlands must be different—and Bunge is leading the charge in this regard.”

Bunge’s commitment is particularly important because they source much of their palm oil from Sarawak, Malaysia, a peat-rich area. Peatlands are wetland areas of decayed vegetation that store significant amounts of carbon. Growing oil palm on peat soil releases carbon into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change. Currently, deforestation is responsible for at least ten percent of all global warming emissions. Yet in Sarawak, the potential for climatic damage is dire. According to Goodman, the amount of carbon stored in Malaysian peat soils is equivalent to the total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from 2008-2012.

palm oil plantation deforestation

The Bunge commitment includes not only protections for all peatlands, but also requires best practices for managing these lands, reporting annually and ensuring land is not burned. Goodman added that, in the past, burning peatlands to prepare them for planting has resulted in conflagrations that can burn continuously for months.

“Our hope is that Bunge’s leadership will have real implications limiting palm oil plantation expansion onto peatlands in Malaysia,” said Goodman.

The company’s leadership on peat does not make up for the holes in their policy. UCS’s major concerns are that Bunge’s commitment does not set deadlines for implementation, and while it rightly prioritizes tracing palm oil from high risk areas, it does not require that all palm oil be eventually traced back to the original plantation.

“The threats to tropical forests and peatlands are occurring now and these irreplaceable lands cannot wait,” said Goodman. “We need to see timelines in place to stop all peatland destruction and deforestation right now. The short-term goal is pushing companies to transition to palm oil that does not cause deforestation. But the long-term goal is implementing this commitment. And it’s only through an established timetable that we can be sure companies get serious about reducing threats to forests and peatlands.”


climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems. Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information

Palm oil deforestation and climate change.

Biodiversity Offsets Driving Endangered Species Into Extinction

Editor’s Note: It’s insane that the world bought off on the concept of biodiversity offsets in the first place. Replacing rare tiger habitat on Sumatra with a tree plantation in Haiti is ludicrous. It shows to what extent private interest will go to perpetuate fraud and crimes against nature. Let’s hope that the EU and corporations themselves will do the right thing on deforestation and biodiversity offsets. 

Endangered Species Overlooked In Greenwashing Scheme

As the European Commission reconsiders the controversial policy of biodiversity offsetting, almost 10,000 people and more than 60 organizations have signed a letter urging the EU not to pursue policy related to biodiversity offsetting (BO). They fear it would “harm nature and people, and give power to those who destroy nature for profit.

deforestation and climate change

The consultation sought views on the shape of the ‘No Net Loss initiative,’ an idea from the EU’s ‘Biodiversity Strategy’, whose headline aim is to halt biodiversity loss by 2020. Its prime focus was biodiversity offsetting. Biodiversity offsetting refers to the destruction of nature in location A with the replacement of nature in location B.

Advanced biodiversity offsetting systems show that offsets have a low certainty rate of success, have long time lags and leads to a net loss of biodiversity. But organizations signing the letter are worried about more than technical constraints.

The letter highlights three key concerns:

• BO provides “a license to trash nature” as it is often used to speed up planning processes and permit infrastructure development in natural sites;

• BO commodifies nature and sends out a dangerous message that it is replaceable. Biodiversity and ecosystems are complex and unique and cannot be reduced to a system of credits as envisaged by offsetting mechanisms; and

• BO brushes aside what nature means for communities, undermining their well-being and right to a healthy environment.

Nick Dearden, director of the World Development Movement, a signatory organisation of the letter, said:

“For communities across Europe struggling to protect nature against private interests, biodiversity offsetting is the kiss of death, because developers can pretend they are delivering “no net loss.”

palm oil plantation deforestationThe consultation’s end comes against a backdrop of shifting priorities at the EC and grave concerns that environmental policies are being downgraded because of economic pressures. Xavier Sol of Counter Balance, a signatory organization of the letter, said:

“We fear Biodiversity Offsetting will play into the hands of powerful project developers. Now is the time to take a strong commitment to protect nature. The new Environment Commissioner should stand firm to protect the Nature Directives rather than waste time on risky offsetting schemes.”


Climate Evidence Underscores Need To Act Now

Government, Industry Obstructing Climate Solutions

By David Suzuki with contributions from Ian Hanington

Because we enjoy relatively pure air, clean water and healthy food systems, Canadians sometimes take the environment for granted. Many scarcely blink if oil from a pipeline spills into a river, a forest is cleared for tar sands operations or agricultural land is fracked for gas. If Arctic ice melts and part of the Antarctic ice sheet collapses, well… they’re far away.

deforestation and climate change

Some see climate change as a distant threat, if they see it as a threat at all. But the scientific evidence is overwhelming: climate change is here, and unless we curb behaviors that contribute to it, it will get worse, putting our food, air, water and security at risk. A recent White House report confirms the findings of this year’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment report, and concludes global warming is a clear and present danger to the U.S.

“Climate change is not a distant threat, but is affecting the American people already,” says White House science adviser John Holdren in a video about the report. “Summers are longer and hotter, with longer periods of extended heat. Wildfires start earlier in the spring and continue later into the fall. Rain comes down in heavier downpours. People are experiencing changes in the length and severity of allergies. And climate disruptions to water resources and agriculture have been increasing.”

Recognizing the problem’s severity is a start, but whether the U.S. will actually do anything is another question. Action to curb climate change is constantly stalled — thanks to the powerful fossil fuel industry, political and media denial, extensive fossil fuel-based infrastructure and citizen complacency.

deforestation and global warming

But at least the U.S. and its president have unequivocally called for action. It’s disturbing that political leaders in Canada — a northern country already feeling impacts, with a long coastline particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels — ignore the issue in their drive to make Canada a petro-power. Our government prefers to spend taxpayers’ money to support the fossil fuel industry with advertising campaigns and billions of dollars in subsidies. A recent New York Times ad, worth US$207,000, touts oil sands and pipelines as “environmentally responsible.” Despite opposition from communities throughout B.C. and the rest of Canada, including many First Nations, approval of the Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline project is expected next month.

Perceived economic benefits (mostly short-term) trump the needs of all Canadians and their children and grandchildren for clean air and water, healthy food and a stable climate. Droughts, floods, water shortages, insect-plagued forests, extreme weather events, rising sea levels and melting glaciers don’t matter as much as getting the oil, gas and coal out of the ground and sold as quickly as possible.

B.C. once showed promise with climate policies such as a carbon tax. Now the government in my home province is also pinning its hopes on the fossil fuel market, fracking our way to “prosperity” at the expense of long-term human and economic health, farmland and climate.

reforestation and carbon capture

How can we allow governments and industry to continue leading us down this destructive path.

Some people say we must choose between the human-created economy and the natural environment — an absurd argument on many levels, and a false dichotomy. Even within the current flawed economic paradigm, it’s far more financially sound to invest in renewable energy and diversification than in a dying industry.

Others, often driven by fossil fuel industry propaganda, doubt the evidence and question the credentials of thousands of scientists worldwide studying the issue.

The IPCC report involved hundreds of scientists and experts worldwide who analyzed the latest peer-reviewed scientific literature and other relevant materials on climate change. The White House report was overseen by 13 government agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency, NASA, Department of the Interior, Department of Defense and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. It was written by close to 300 scientists and experts and reviewed by numerous others, including the National Academy of Sciences. It was also vetted by groups ranging from oil companies to environmental organizations. As an article on Desmog Blog points out, “If anything, this report is conservative in its findings.”

The IPCC and White House reports are clear: solutions are available. But the longer we delay the more difficult and expensive they will be to implement. We can’t just sit by and do nothing.


climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information

Need New Paradigm For Forest Conservation

Deforestation Destabilizing Planet

The number of major corporations making commitments to purchase certified “deforestation-free” commodities steadily has increased over the past 18 months. Kellogg’s and McDonald’s are just two recent examples of companies that have made such commitments. But will certification policies alone be enough to reduce deforestation, or should governments and corporations consider other strategies that provide incentives for forest conservation?

deforestation and climate change

Global deforestation is linked to a number of key environmental and social concerns including global climate change, the extinction of species and the rights and well-being of 1.6 billion vulnerable people that depend on the forest for their livelihoods. As market linkages to deforestation have become better understood, companies are examining their supply chains and beginning to shift purchases to certified commodities.

A big unknown for these companies is whether their commitments can stimulate an adequate supply of certified sustainable commodities to meet their needs at a reasonable price. Based on data collected by WWF, certified sustainable commodities make up somewhere between two percent and 15 percent of the total global supply of the four largest forest risk commodities: cattle, palm oil, soy and timber.

A key challenge in increasing the supply of certified commodities will be compensating growers and producers for the costs of sustainable production including certification costs, the costs of changing management practices and maybe most important, the opportunity costs of foregone production on forested land.

endangered species conservation and forest conservation

One way to compensate growers and producers is through higher prices, although in practice, companies and customers have been reluctant to pay price premiums for certified commodities. Data recently released by GreenPalm showed that certified palm oil generated only a minor 1.2 percent price premium over conventional palm oil in 2013. And while there are examples of modest price premiums for certified timber, these premiums have not been sufficient to expand the supply of FSC certified timber beyond 10 percent of total global timber supply.

Another way to compensate growers and producers for better practices is through incentive-based payments linked to forest protection. This is TerraCarbon’s approach. Payments for generating carbon offsets are one such incentive that have been developed to compensate forest landowners for the climate value of keeping their forests standing. Used with commitments to purchase certified commodities, offsets can help provide the funding needed to increase the supply of sustainable commodities and to protect forests.

Two recent initiatives support the notion of combining commodity certification and offsets. The Carbon Canopy program, launched by Dogwood Alliance in partnership with large corporations such as Coca-Cola, Domtar and Staples seeks to increase the supply and demand for certified timber and carbon offsets produced from forests in the southeast U.S. that practice sustainable forestry.

palm oil kills orangutans

The second initiative is the Sustainable Forests Landscapes announced at last year’s UN climate conference by the World Bank BioCarbon Fund. The U.S., U.K., German and Norwegian governments have pledged $280 million for this initiative to provide results-based incentives for activities that reduce deforestation. Unilever and Mondelez have stated their support (PDF) for this initiative, and will be working with the BioCarbon Fund to see how the initiative can support their certified commodity sourcing strategies.

Initiatives such as these can be replicated elsewhere by private companies working together and with governments. Funding for incentives will remain a key question that can be answered in the long-term by regulations that put a price on carbon, and in the short-term by voluntary offset purchases by companies taking action on climate change and deforestation.

Corporate commitments to purchase certified commodities should be applauded as important steps in the fight against deforestation. Greenwashing, however, should not be tolerated.

At the same time, if the aim is to reduce deforestation not only at a supply chain scale, but also at regional and global scales, then governments and corporations need to go further and provide economic incentives, such as payments for carbon offsets, that generate alternative income and keep forests standing.


climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information

Climate Changing But Governments Are Not

Global Warming An Industrial Experiment

By Naomi Klein

One of the most disturbing ways that climate change is already playing out is through what ecologists call “mismatch” or “mistiming.” This is the process whereby warming causes animals to fall out of step with a critical food source, particularly at breeding times, when a failure to find enough food can lead to rapid population losses.

sustainable cities and urban forestry

The migration patterns of many songbird species, for instance, have evolved over millennia so that eggs hatch precisely when food sources such as caterpillars are at their most abundant, providing parents with ample nourishment for their hungry young. But because spring now often arrives early, the caterpillars are hatching earlier too, which means that in some areas they are less plentiful when the chicks hatch, with a number of possible long-term impacts on survival.

Similarly, in West Greenland, caribou are arriving at their calving grounds only to find themselves out of sync with the forage plants they have relied on for thousands of years, now growing earlier thanks to rising temperatures. That is leaving female caribou with less energy for lactation, reproduction and feeding their young, a mismatch that has been linked to sharp decreases in calf births and survival rates.

Scientists are studying cases of climate-related mistiming among dozens of species, from Arctic terns to pied flycatchers. But there is one important species they are missing – us. Homo sapiens. We too are suffering from a terrible case of climate-related mistiming, albeit in a cultural-historical, rather than a biological, sense. Our problem is that the climate crisis hatched in our laps at a moment in history when political and social conditions were uniquely hostile to a problem of this nature and magnitude – that moment being the tail end of the go-go 80s, the blast-off point for the crusade to spread deregulated capitalism around the world. Climate change is a collective problem demanding collective action the likes of which humanity has never actually accomplished. Yet it entered mainstream consciousness in the midst of an ideological war being waged on the very idea of the collective sphere.

This deeply unfortunate mistiming has created all sorts of barriers to our ability to respond effectively to this crisis. It has meant that corporate power was ascendant at the very moment when we needed to exert unprecedented controls over corporate behavior in order to protect life on Earth. It has meant that regulation was a dirty word just when we needed those powers most. It has meant that we are ruled by a class of politicians who know only how to dismantle and starve public institutions just when they most need to be fortified and re-imagined. And it has meant that we are saddled with an apparatus of “free trade” deals that tie the hands of policymakers just when they need maximum flexibility to achieve a massive energy transition.

climate change and deforestation

Confronting these various structural barriers to the next economy is the critical work of any serious climate movement. But it’s not the only task at hand. We also have to confront how the mismatch between climate change and market domination has created barriers within our very selves, making it harder to look at this most pressing of humanitarian crises with anything more than furtive, terrified glances. Because of the way our daily lives have been altered by both market and technological triumphalism, we lack many of the observational tools necessary to convince ourselves that climate change is real – let alone the confidence to believe that a different way of living is possible.

And little wonder: just when we needed to gather, our public sphere was disintegrating; just when we needed to consume less, consumerism took over virtually every aspect of our lives; just when we needed to slow down and notice, we sped up; and just when we needed longer time horizons, we were able to see only the immediate present.

This is our climate change mismatch, and it affects not just our species but potentially every other species on the planet as well.

The good news is that, unlike reindeer and songbirds, we humans are blessed with the capacity for advanced reasoning and therefore the ability to adapt more deliberately – to change old patterns of behaviour with remarkable speed. If the ideas that rule our culture are stopping us from saving ourselves, then it is within our power to change those ideas. But before that can happen, we first need to understand the nature of our personal climate mismatch.

tanzania children and women

Being consumers is all we know

Climate change demands that we consume less, but being consumers is all we know. Climate change is not a problem that can be solved simply by changing what we buy – a hybrid instead of an SUV, some carbon offsets when we get on a plane. At its core, it is a crisis born of overconsumption by the comparatively wealthy, which means the world’s most manic consumers are going to have to consume less.

The problem is not “human nature,” as we are so often told. We weren’t born having to shop this much, and we have, in our recent past, been just as happy (in many cases happier) consuming far less. The problem is the inflated role that consumption has come to play in our particular era.

Late capitalism teaches us to create ourselves through our consumer choices: shopping is how we form our identities, find community and express ourselves. Thus, telling people that they can’t shop as much as they want to because the planet’s support systems are overburdened can be understood as a kind of attack, akin to telling them that they cannot truly be themselves. This is likely why, of the original “three Rs” – reduce, reuse, recycle – only the third has ever gotten any traction, since it allows us to keep on shopping as long as we put the refuse in the right box. The other two, which require that we consume less, were pretty much dead on arrival.

Climate change is slow, and we are fast. When you are racing through a rural landscape on a bullet train, it looks as if everything you are passing is standing still: people, tractors, cars on country roads. They aren’t, of course. They are moving, but at a speed so slow compared with the train that they appear static.

So it is with climate change. Our culture, powered by fossil fuels, is that bullet train, hurtling forward toward the next quarterly report, the next election cycle, the next bit of diversion or piece of personal validation via our smartphones and tablets. Our changing climate is like the landscape out the window: from our racy vantage point it can appear static, but it is moving, its slow progress measured in receding ice sheets, swelling waters and incremental temperature rises. If left unchecked, climate change will most certainly speed up enough to capture our fractured attention – island nations wiped off the map, and city-drowning superstorms, tend to do that. But by then, it may be too late for our actions to make a difference, because the era of tipping points will likely have begun.

sustainable agriculture Uganda

The importance of the intensely local

Climate change is place-based, and we are everywhere at once. The problem is not just that we are moving too quickly. It is also that the terrain on which the changes are taking place is intensely local: an early blooming of a particular flower, an unusually thin layer of ice on a lake, the late arrival of a migratory bird. Noticing those kinds of subtle changes requires an intimate connection to a specific ecosystem. That kind of communion happens only when we know a place deeply, not just as scenery but also as sustenance, and when local knowledge is passed on with a sense of sacred trust from one generation to the next.

But that is increasingly rare in the urbanised, industrialised world. We tend to abandon our homes lightly – for a new job, a new school, a new love. And as we do so, we are severed from whatever knowledge of place we managed to accumulate at the previous stop, as well as from the knowledge amassed by our ancestors (who, at least in my case, migrated repeatedly themselves).

Even for those of us who manage to stay put, our daily existence can be disconnected from the physical places where we live. Shielded from the elements as we are in our climate-controlled homes, workplaces and cars, the changes unfolding in the natural world easily pass us by. We might have no idea that a historic drought is destroying the crops on the farms that surround our urban homes, since the supermarkets still display miniature mountains of imported produce, with more coming in by truck all day. It takes something huge – like a hurricane that passes all previous high-water marks, or a flood destroying thousands of homes – for us to notice that something is truly amiss. And even then we have trouble holding on to that knowledge for long, since we are quickly ushered along to the next crisis before these truths have a chance to sink in.

Climate change, meanwhile, is busily adding to the ranks of the rootless every day, as natural disasters, failed crops, starving livestock and climate-fuelled ethnic conflicts force yet more people to leave their ancestral homes. And with every human migration, more crucial connections to specific places are lost, leaving yet fewer people to listen closely to the land.

air pollution Beijing

How we made the air our sewer

Climate pollutants are invisible, and we have stopped believing in what we cannot see. When BP’s Macondo well ruptured in 2010, releasing torrents of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, one of the things we heard from company chief executive Tony Hayward was that “the Gulf of Mexico is a very big ocean. The amount of volume of oil and dispersant we are putting into it is tiny in relation to the total water volume.” The statement was widely ridiculed at the time, and rightly so, but Hayward was merely voicing one of our culture’s most cherished beliefs: that what we can’t see won’t hurt us and, indeed, barely exists.

So much of our economy relies on the assumption that there is always an “away” into which we can throw our waste. There’s the away where our garbage goes when it is taken from the curb, and the away where our waste goes when it is flushed down the drain. There’s the away where the minerals and metals that make up our goods are extracted, and the away where those raw materials are turned into finished products. But the lesson of the BP spill, in the words of ecological theorist Timothy Morton, is that ours is “a world in which there is no ‘away.'”

When I published No Logo a decade and a half ago, readers were shocked to learn of the abusive conditions under which their clothing and gadgets were manufactured. But we have since learned to live with it – not to condone it, exactly, but to be in a state of constant forgetfulness. Ours is an economy of ghosts, of deliberate blindness.

Air is the ultimate unseen, and the greenhouse gases that warm it are our most elusive ghosts. Philosopher David Abram points out that for most of human history, it was precisely this unseen quality that gave the air its power and commanded our respect. “Called Sila, the wind-mind of the world, by the Inuit; Nilch’i, or Holy Wind, by the Navajo; Ruach, or rushing-spirit, by the ancient Hebrews,” the atmosphere was “the most mysterious and sacred dimension of life.”

But in our time “we rarely acknowledge the atmosphere as it swirls between two persons.” Having forgotten the air, Abram writes, we have made it our sewer, “the perfect dump site for the unwanted byproducts of our industries … Even the most opaque, acrid smoke billowing out of the pipes will dissipate and disperse, always and ultimately dissolving into the invisible. It’s gone. Out of sight, out of mind.”

deforestation and global warming

The timeframes that escape us

Another part of what makes climate change so very difficult for us to grasp is that ours is a culture of the perpetual present, one that deliberately severs itself from the past that created us as well as the future we are shaping with our actions. Climate change is about how what we did generations in the past will inescapably affect not just the present, but generations in the future. These timeframes are a language that has become foreign to most of us.

This is not about passing individual judgment, nor about berating ourselves for our shallowness or rootlessness. Rather, it is about recognising that we are products of an industrial project, one intimately and historically linked to fossil fuels.

And just as we have changed before, we can change again. After listening to the great farmer-poet Wendell Berry deliver a lecture on how we each have a duty to love our “homeplace” more than any other, I asked him if he had any advice for rootless people like me and my friends, who live in our computers and always seem to be shopping from home. “Stop somewhere,” he replied. “And begin the thousand-year-long process of knowing that place.”

That’s good advice on lots of levels. Because in order to win this fight of our lives, we all need a place to stand.

This column first appeared in The Nation. Naomi Klein’s new book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs The Climate, will be published this September by Allen Lane.


climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information

Tanzania’s Deforestation Rate Double Global Average

Reforestation Critical To Sustain Ecosystems

At 1.1 percent, Tanzania’s average annual deforestation rate is more than twice the global average of 0.5 percent.  To mitigate the destruction in their region, Mamba villagers in Moshi Municipality have planted over 4,000 indigenous trees.

Speaking on Tuesday, the Acting Moshi District Commissioner Novatus Makunga called on other regions in the country to emulate the Mamba villagers as experts warn of increased rapid climate change effects should the trend continue. The tree planting campaign is sponsored by the Serengeti Breweries Limited which seeks to increase awareness on environmental conservation as well as educating the public on economic benefits of tree planting. Makunga said environmental conservation projects are a key of national development and is the responsibility of all communities in the country to conserve their environs.

wildlife conservation and deforestation

“Tree planting is in line with the Moshi Municipality’s environmental plan which aims to reduce the devastating effects of deforestation,” he said expressing gratitude to the brewers for their support and also reminded the Mamba residents to protect the planted trees.

Serengeti Breweries Corporate Social Responsibility manager, Hawa Ladha said that the corporation understands the negative effects of deforestation to communities and the nation at large and it is taking a committed step to provide sustainable solutions to the problem.

reforestation and climate change

“We thank the local government and community in Mamba as a whole for their overwhelming support in making this initiative successful” she said calling on other communities to come together and plant more trees warning that experts have already cautioned over the possibility of increased rapid climate change effects should deforestation continue at the rate it is now.


climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information

The World’s Most Sustainable Companies Of 2014

Sustainability Leaders Driven By Efficiency, Responsibility

Australian corporation Westpac Banking is the most sustainable company on earth this year, according to a new ranking from Corporate Knights. But what does sustainability mean, exactly? Doug Morrow, vice president of research at Corporate Knights, a Toronto-based media company, says it’s a multifaceted concept.

palm oil plantation deforestation

“On the one hand, it means doing more with less; squeezing more output out of every capital input, including financial, human and natural capital,” he explains. “But the hallmark of a sustainable enterprise is not just efficiency, but also mechanisms to encourage meritocracy, diversity, innovation and long-term planning. Management teams at sustainable corporations are afforded room to think and plan beyond the next financial quarter.”

Sustainability in a corporate context is essentially recognizing that a corporation’s long-term interests are intellectually and financially consistent with resource efficiency, proactive health and safety practices, and responsible leadership, he says.

Toby Heaps, editor-in-chief of Corporate Knights, says sustainability is when what is good for a company is also good for the planet, and vice-versa. “It means creating more wealth than we destroy. It means that a company is on balance increasing our overall stock of wealth, grounded in human, produced, financial, natural, and social capital. Sustainable firms are those doing the best job at creating net wealth–economic, social, and ecological–as compared to their peers.”

deforestation and climate change


Corporate Knights announced its tenth-annual list of the world’s most sustainable companies, also known as the Global 100, at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland on Wednesday. “It’s important to celebrate the most sustainable companies for two key reasons,” Heaps says. “One, it drives corporate disclosure of core social and environmental metrics, which matters because you can’t manage what you don’t measure. And from an accountability perspective, sunlight is the best disinfectant,” he says. “Two, because the Global 100′s clearly defined methodology is well respected and watched closely during the World Economic Forum in Davos, it pushes companies to compete to see who can best harness their business model to make the world a better place.”

He says leading by example is powerful. “The Global 100 make it clear that not only is it possible to lead on resource productivity and respect for the social contract, but that it is possible to do this and outperform the benchmark on financial returns.”

To determine the 2014 ranking, Corporate Knights trimmed down an initial list of 4,000 publicly traded companies to 350, based on financial performance, sustainability disclosure practices, and other criteria.

They evaluated the remaining 350 companies using key environmental, social, and governance performance indicators, including waste productivity, CEO-to-average-worker pay ratio, leadership diversity, and employee turnover. The companies were then scored, relative to their same-sector peers. (A different set of performance indicators was used for companies in each industry, depending on recent reporting trends in each industry group.)

Corporate Knights collected data for the project primarily from Bloomberg and through direct engagement with the 350 companies.

Morrow says no corporate sustainability assessment is perfect; each has its own strengths and weaknesses, “but in terms of what matters most–transparency, rules-based, and sophistication–we feel the Global 100 is the most complete sustainability ranking in the world.”

Leading the pack this year is Westpac Banking Corporation, an Australian bank and financial services firm headquartered in Sydney. Last year Westpac ranked tenth, but thanks largely to its diverse leadership and resource productivity performance, it now holds the No. 1 spot.

koalas deforestation

“Westpac is a very strong across-the-board sustainability performer,” Morrow says. “It was the first bank to join the Australian government’s Greenhouse Challenge Plus and the first financial institution in Australia to create a matching donation program. In the Global 100 methodology, it scored in the top quartile on all four resource productivity indicators (Energy, Carbon, Water and Waste Productivity), and on Leadership Diversity, which looks at gender diversity in management and on the board of directors. Westpac is Australia’s oldest banking institution, with annual revenues of $38 billion (USD) and over 36,000 employees.”

In the No. 2 spot is U.S.-based pharmaceuticals and biotech firm Biogen Idec.

Biogen Idec is the world’s oldest independent biotechnology company—and like Westpac, it is a strong sustainability performer overall, Morrow says. “The company achieved a top quartile score on Energy Productivity, Water Productivity, Pension Fund Status and Innovation Capacity, which measures the amount of money companies channel to R&D relative to revenue–a particularly important metric for biotech firms.”

Rounding out the top three is Outotec OYJ, a Finnish minerals and metals processing technology company.

Outotec has a strong energy and carbon management program, with top quartile performance on Energy and Carbon Productivity, Morrow explains. “Relative to its industry peers the company also scored well on the CEO-to-Average-Worker Pay Ratio indicator, which is a measure of enterprise-wide pay equity.”

Last year’s top-ranked company, Umicore, fell to the No. 9 spot this year. The Belgian multinational materials technology group’s fall from the top position was “a combination of Umicore’s performance trailing off on some indicators and companies in other sectors making rapid leaps forward,” Morrow explains. But the Brussels-based firm still came out as the top-ranked Materials company this year, he says.

Overall there were 31 newcomers to the list, including Samsung Electronics, Coca-Cola, L’Oréal, Johnson & Johnson and Nissan, and 31 departures, including Intel, LVMH, Royal Bank of Canada and Clorox.

Which countries did best overall? The United States and Canada. The U.S. had 18 companies appear on the 2014 list, while Canada had 13. Britain and France tied for third, with eight firms each.

“A major surprise was the strong showing of U.S. firms, which took 18 of 100 spots in the ranking,” Morrow says. “This reflects the growing focus of U.S. companies on improving sustainability performance and the general diverse nature of the economy, with representatives in 9 of the 10 GICS Sectors.”

wildlife conservation and deforestation

Generally speaking, U.S. firms tend to score well on the innovation capacity indicator, which measures a company’s research and development expenses as a percentage of their revenue, Morrow adds. “One weakness of U.S. firms is the CEO-to-average-worker pay ratio indicator.  Relative to their global peers, U.S. firms are notably opaque on this issue. While they tend to disclose CEO compensation, they generally do not disclose total employee compensation, which is inconsistent with global best practice.”

Heaps says the majority of large companies around the globe now report on their sustainability to some degree, and about a quarter of large companies link executive remuneration to relevant sustainability performance indicators such as energy intensity or the safety record. “This is good news, but the majority of companies still have a ways to go when it comes to really managing their businesses for the long-term including staying on top of their key sustainability value drivers. This is driven largely by the short-term demands of investors. The next wave of progress could come from long-term oriented investors taking strategic stakes in long-term oriented companies to put in place the incentives that create the most long-term value for everyone,” he concludes.

The World’s 100 Most Sustainable Companies, 2014:

Rank Company name Country Headquarters GICS Sector Overall Score
1 Westpac Banking Corporation Australia Financials 76.5%
2 Biogen Idec Inc United States Health Care 75.3%
3 Outotec OYJ Finland Industrials 74.2%
4 Statoil ASA Norway Energy 74.0%
5 Dassault Systemes SA France Information Technology 74.0%
6 Neste Oil OYJ Finland Energy 69.2%
7 Novo Nordisk A/S Denmark Health Care 68.8%
8 Adidas AG Germany Consumer Discretionary 68.0%
9 Umicore SA Belgium Materials 67.8%
10 Schneider Electric SA France Industrials 66.5%
11 Cisco Systems Inc United States Information Technology 66.2%
12 BASF SE Germany Materials 66.2%
13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG Germany Consumer Discretionary 65.9%
14 Aeroports de Paris France Industrials 65.8%
15 ASML Holding NV Netherlands Information Technology 65.4%
16 The Sage Group PLC Britain Information Technology 65.3%
17 Keppel Land Limited Singapore Financials 65.1%
18 UCB SA Belgium Health Care 65.1%
19 Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Limited Australia Financials 64.9%
20 Sigma-Aldrich Corporation United States Materials 64.7%
21 Life Technologies Corporation United States Health Care 64.2%
22 Tim Hortons Inc Canada Consumer Discretionary 63.6%
23 Natura Cosmeticos SA Brazil Consumer Staples 63.3%
24 Bombardier Inc Canada Industrials 63.0%
25 Commonwealth Bank of Australia Australia Financials 62.4%
26 Centrica PLC Britain Utilities 62.2%
27 Siemens AG Germany Industrials 61.9%
28 Croda International PLC Britain Materials 61.9%
29 StarHub Ltd Singapore Telecommunication Services 61.6%
30 Shinhan Financial Group Co Ltd South Korea Financials 60.8%
31 Hang Seng Bank Ltd Hong Kong Financials 60.4%
32 Stockland Australia Financials 60.2%
33 Banco Espirito Santo SA Portugal Financials 60.2%
34 Samsung Electronics Co Ltd South Korea Information Technology 60.1%
35 Wolters Kluwer NV Netherlands Consumer Discretionary 60.0%
36 Geberit AG Switzerland Industrials 59.9%
37 Monsanto Company United States Materials 59.2%
38 Scania AB Sweden Industrials 58.9%
39 City Developments Ltd Singapore Financials 58.6%
40 Vivendi SA France Telecommunication Services 58.5%
41 Teck Resources Limited Canada Materials 58.3%
42 Swiss Re AG Switzerland Financials 58.2%
43 Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc United States Consumer Staples 57.3%
44 SAP AG Germany Information Technology 57.1%
45 L’Oreal SA France Consumer Staples 57.1%
46 Atlas Copco AB Sweden Industrials 55.9%
47 Duke Energy Corporation United States Utilities 55.8%
48 Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV Netherlands Industrials 55.7%
49 Bank of Montreal Canada Financials 55.6%
50 Motorola Solutions Inc United States Information Technology 55.4%
51 Royal Dutch Shell PLC Netherlands Energy 55.2%
52 Cenovus Energy Inc Canada Energy 55.1%
53 Suncor Energy Inc Canada Energy 54.9%
54 Prologis Inc United States Financials 54.9%
55 Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson Sweden Information Technology 54.8%
56 Galp Energia SGPS SA Portugal Energy 54.6%
57 Johnson & Johnson United States Health Care 54.6%
58 CapitaLand Limited Singapore Financials 54.3%
59 General Electric Company United States Industrials 54.3%
60 Daimler AG Germany Consumer Discretionary 54.2%
61 Agilent Technologies Inc United States Health Care 54.1%
62 Acciona SA Spain Utilities 54.0%
63 Electrocomponents PLC Britain Information Technology 54.0%
64 H&M Hennes & Mauritz Sweden Consumer Discretionary 54.0%
65 Daiwa House Industry Co Ltd Japan Financials 54.0%
66 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd Japan Industrials 53.4%
67 Intact Financial Corporation Canada Financials 53.4%
68 Weyerhaeuser Company United States Financials 53.0%
69 Eisai Co Ltd Japan Health Care 52.8%
70 TELUS Corporation Canada Telecommunication Services 52.5%
71 BG Group PLC Britain Energy 52.5%
72 Staples Inc United States Consumer Discretionary 52.3%
73 BCE Inc Canada Telecommunication Services 52.1%
74 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Japan Consumer Discretionary 51.6%
75 Enbridge Inc Canada Energy 51.1%
76 Encana Corporation Canada Energy 50.9%
77 Ricoh Co Ltd Japan Information Technology 50.5%
78 EMC Corporation United States Information Technology 50.5%
79 Sun Life Financial Inc Canada Financials 50.3%
80 Storebrand ASA Norway Financials 50.3%
81 London Stock Exchange Group PLC Britain Financials 50.2%
82 LG Electronics Inc South Korea Consumer Discretionary 49.9%
83 Husqvarna AB Sweden Consumer Discretionary 49.8%
84 Johnson Controls Inc United States Consumer Discretionary 49.6%
85 British Sky Broadcasting Group PLC Britain Consumer Discretionary 49.5%
86 Nestle SA Switzerland Consumer Staples 49.2%
87 Alcatel-Lucent France Information Technology 49.1%
88 Hess Corporation United States Energy 48.9%
89 Muenchener Rueckversicherungs AG Germany Financials 48.2%
90 The Toronto-Dominion Bank Canada Financials 47.9%
91 Intesa Sanpaolo SpA Italy Financials 47.8%
92 Wesfarmers Ltd Australia Consumer Staples 47.2%
93 Unilever PLC Britain Consumer Staples 47.1%
94 Roche Holding AG Switzerland Health Care 46.9%
95 BRF – Brasil Foods SA Brazil Consumer Staples 46.6%
96 Campbell Soup Company United States Consumer Staples 46.5%
97 Danone SA France Consumer Staples 45.7%
98 Kesko OYJ Finland Consumer Staples 45.7%
99 Novartis AG Switzerland Health Care 45.4%
100 Essilor International, Compagnie Générale d’Optique France Health Care 42.4%


climate change and deforestation

Sacred Seedlings is a global initiative to support forest conservation, reforestation, urban forestry, carbon capture, sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation. Sustainable land management and land use are critical to the survival of entire ecosystems.

Sacred Seedlings is a U.S.-based program that supports the vision of local stakeholders. We have projects ready across Africa. We seek additional projects elsewhere around the world. We also seek volunteers, sponsors and donors of cash and in-kind support. Write to Gary Chandler for more information